Fixing hard disk errors

Have you defragged your hard drive and still seeing slugging performance? You may need to clean up the errors on your hard drive. Microsoft offers the Chkdsk fix for Windows users. Chkdsk (Chkdsk.exe) is a command-line tool that checks volumes for problems. The tool then tries to repair any that it finds. For example, Chkdsk can repair problems related to bad sectors, lost clusters, cross-linked files, and directory errors. You can run Chkdsk from My Computer or from Windows Explorer.

Manual steps to run Chkdsk at the command prompt:

  1. Click Start and then Run.
  2. In Open, type cmd, and then press ENTER.
  3. Use one of the following procedures:
    • To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, at the command prompt, type chkdsk, and then press ENTER.
    • To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/f, and then press ENTER.

      Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message:
    • Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)

      Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.

    • To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/r, and then press ENTER.

      Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message:
    • "Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)"

      Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.

Manual steps to run Chkdsk from My Computer or Windows Explorer

  1. Double-click My Computer and then right-click the hard disk that you want to check.
  2. Click Properties and then click Tools.
  3. Under Error-checking, click Check Now. A dialog box that shows the Check disk options is displayed.
  4. Use one of the following procedures:
    • To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, click Start.
    • To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, select the Automatically fix file system errors check box, and then click Start.
    • To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, select the Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors check box, and then click Start.
    • Note: If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message:

      "The disk check could not be performed because the disk check utility needs exclusive access to some Windows files on the disk. These files can be accessed by restarting Windows. Do you want to schedule the disk check to occur the next time you restart the computer?"

      Click Yes to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.

For more information about Chkdsk, visit the following Microsoft Web sites:

Chkdsk: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb491071.aspx

Running Chkdsk to repair file systems: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb457122.aspx